France has one of the best and efficient education systems in world. Read the following article to know more about education system in France.

Education System in France

France is one of the most developed countries in the world with significant technological progress. The country is associated with several technological milestones including France’s high speed trains (TGV), the Airbus, Concorde and the fully automated rapid transit system. France is also responsible for substantial contribution in the field of math and sciences (astrophysics, biology, medicine, genetics and physics). One of the main reasons for rapid growth of French economy is its highly efficient education system. It is already one of the best known education systems in the world. Ministry of National Education regulates all the educational programs in France. All the teachers of public primary and secondary schools are state civil servants. There are many professors and researchers in France’s universities, who are employed by ministry. The highly centralized and organized French educational system is divided into three major categories, the primary education, secondary education and higher education. Read further to know more about the French educational system in brief.
Education System in France
Primary Education
The minimum age of children entering the education system in France is three when they begin Crèche or nursery school. After completing nursery, children move on to primary school. In the first year, they learn to write and develop their reading skills. The primary education system is of high standard across the entire country. Only after the age of 10 or 11, children are moved on to secondary school.
Secondary Education
Secondary school in France is divided into two stages: Colleges, which cater to the first four years of secondary education, from 11-14 and Lycees that provide a three-year course of further secondary education for children between the ages of 15-18. At the age of 15, however, students are given a choice between an academic and vocational pathway. Students, who choose vocational track, move into some type of vocational career after finishing education at 18. Other students who have decided to follow the academic track continue their general studies for the next three years. At the age of 18, these students are required to give an entrance exam known as Le Baccalaureate. Based on their performance at this examination, they are entitled a place at a university. It has been observed that about 70% of secondary students in France take this exam hoping for a place in university.
University Education in France
Students who pass the Baccalaureate exam get a free seat at university in France. There are 77 government funded universities in France and university education is free for students at these universities. All students are required to sit for an exam at the end of their first year and only those who pass the exam are allowed to continue with their university education.
The duration of a typical undergraduate degree is generally 3 years. It is the ECTS system that determines the level of education and the number of years of study. All the universities and the higher educational institutes in France can provide undergraduate degrees.
There are two main degrees offered in the graduate level, the masters in research and the masters in professional (post graduate diploma). In France, students with excellent academic performance in bachelors can only apply for master in research and they too have to give aptitude tests and interview to secure their seats. There are fewer constraints when it comes to international programs where telephone interview is possible. Unlike other countries, majority of master programs in France include mandatory internships and master thesis.
Only those students who have successfully completed their masters in research are eligible for doctoral programs. In France, only universities and poly techniques offer doctoral programs. The usual duration of the study ranges from 3 to 5 years and sometimes takes more time until the completion of the thesis. There are several schools of engineering, business and management in the country that offer such doctoral degrees.

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